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Registro Completo
Biblioteca(s):  Embrapa Agrobiologia.
Data corrente:  09/08/2004
Data da última atualização:  09/05/2005
Autoria:  SISTI, C. P. J.; SANTOS, H. P. dos; KOHHANN, R.; ALVES, B. J. R.; URQUIAGA, S.; BODDEY, R. M.
Título:  Change in carbon and nitrogen stocks in soil under 13 years of conventional or zero tillage in southern Brazil.
Ano de publicação:  2004
Fonte/Imprenta:  Soil & Tillage Research, Amsterdam, v. 76, p. 39-58, 2004.
Idioma:  Inglês
Conteúdo:  The objective of this study was to determine in a long-term experiment 13 years the effect different crop rotations R1: wheat ( Triticum aestivum) - soybeam ( Glycine max), R2: wheat - soybean-vetch ( Vicia villosa)- maize (Zea mays), and R3: wheat-soybeam-oat (Avena sativa)- soybean-vetch-maize) under zero tillage (ZT) and conventional tillage (CT) on the stocks of soil organic matter (SOM) in a clayey Oxizol soil of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul. At the end of 13 years, soil samples were taken to a depth of 100 cm, and analused for bulk density, chemicla composition and 13C natural abudance. Under a continuous sequense of wheat (winter) and soybean ( summer) the stocks of soil organic C to 100 cm deph under ZT (168 Mg há-1 ) was not significantly different (LSD at P= 0.05 of 11 Mg há-1 ) to that under CT (168 Mg há-1 ) However, in the rotations with vetch planted as a winter gree-manure crop (R2 and R3), soil C stocks were approximately 17 Mg há-1 higher under ZT than under CT. Between 46 and 8% of this difference occurred at 30-85 cm deph. The 13C abundance data indicated that under ZT the decomposition of the original native SOM was not affected by the different composition of crops in the different rotations, but under CT the rotations R2 nad R3, which included vetch and maize, stimulated the decay of the original native SOM compared to the continuous wheat/soybean sequence (R1). It appears that the contribution of N² fixation by the leguminous green manure (vetch... Mostrar Tudo
Palavras-Chave:  C; Direct sowing; Maize; N; Rotational cropping; Wheats; Zero tillage.
Thesagro:  Adubação Verde; Avena Sativa; Carbono; Glycine Max; Matéria Orgânica; Milho; Nitrogênio; Plantio Direto; Rotação de Cultura; Soja; Solo; Trigo; Triticum Aestivum; Vicia Villosa; Zea Mays.
Thesaurus NAL:  carbon; green manures; nitrogen; organic matter; soil; soybeans.
Categoria do assunto:  --
Marc:  Mostrar Marc Completo
Registro original:  Embrapa Agrobiologia (CNPAB)
Biblioteca ID Origem Tipo/Formato Classificação Cutter Registro Volume Status
CNPAB30452 - 1UMTSP - --002759
CNPAB32386 - 1UMTSP - --0022809

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